Unfortunately actual written historical evidence is very scarce with the exception of just a few written accounts from European explorers and missionaries starting in the 1600’s after the discovery of the new world. The vast majority of information is related in the form of oral traditions and legend, and some archaeological and anthropological evidence. No one really knows how old the ancient stick ball sports are for sure. There is some evidence dating back as far as the 1400’s. Although some will disagree many believe it is likely that the game was played even longer than that. Some ancient oral histories even go so far as to proclaim baggataway as being older than humankind itself.
Modern Indian tribes discount the importance of who invented lacrosse and the question of how old the game is, because in their words: “We do not wonder who invented Lacrosse, or when and where; our ancestors have been playing the game for centuries — for the Creator." — from Tewaarathon, Akwasasne's Story of Our Indian National Game, 1978. What there is generally no debate on is that Lacrosse is the oldest sport in North America. All across North America Lacrosse was played in some form or another with the exception of the southwest. And it was being played long before Europeans ever set foot on North America.